Delirium in Older Persons: Evaluation And Management

delirium in older persons

Delirium in older persons – It has been reported in one-third of hospitalized patients aged 65 and over. In that age bracket, delirium affects 70% of intensive care patients. Delirium can be induced by a variety of circumstances, and the symptoms are usually reversible. People over the age of 65 who are hospitalized for illness or surgery are more likely to develop delirium.

Let’s say you’ve observed an elderly relative who appears lost, preoccupied, confused, and unable to think straight. It’s possible that the elderly person is suffering from delirium.

What Exactly Is Delirium?

Delirium is a mental illness that causes obvious alterations in one’s thinking and behavior. They may appear befuddled or mentally disorganized, and they are frequently disconnected from the world around them.

Untreated delirium, in any case, can have long-term consequences, such as loss of independence or hastened cognitive deterioration.

delirium in older persons

The condition is frequently an outward indicator of an internal problem, such as a drug reaction or simple dehydration. Delirium, defined as a fogginess that lasts for days after an operation that needs anesthesia.

What Is The Best Way To Deal With Delirium?

The first step in treating delirium is to see a doctor as soon as the symptoms appear. The doctor will review the patient’s medical history, including past diseases, treatments, and other factors. They may also do a battery of tests to figure out what’s causing the delirium. Blood testing, brain imaging, and electrocardiograms are examples of these tests.

Delirium Symptoms That May Exist

Uncertainty over what to do or how to react can exacerbate a stressful situation. When someone we care about becomes confused or agitated for inexplicable reasons, it’s very terrifying.

The following are some of the more common symptoms of this condition:

  • An uneasy, disturbed, or distracted demeanor
  • Feelings of befuddlement, paranoia, or restlessness
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Forgetfulness
  • When they speak, they don’t make sense.
  • Having a more attentive demeanor than usual
  • Drowsiness
  • Having depressed symptoms
  • They alternate their days and nights.
  • Hallucinating

In any case, seek medical attention for the person as soon as possible if you see these behavioral changes.

Assisting Someone Who Is Experiencing Delirium

With a calm and soothing approach, caregivers and family members can assist minimize the stress of delirium in older persons, such as:

delirium in older persons

  • Encourage them to sleep and rest.
  • Maintaining a peaceful and tranquil environment in their home
  • Keeping them awake during the day, even if it’s only sitting in a comfy chair
  • ensuring that they drink enough water
  • assisting them in the preparation of healthy and nutritious meals
  • Validate their sentiments by empathizing with them and feeling what they’re feeling.
  • Having a light, enjoyable chat
  • Reading a favorite book or writing them letters/emails
  • Playing music that they like
  • Encouraging visitors from friends and family
  • They’re wearing their hearing aids and wearing their glasses.

Please contact our team at any time if you have any questions regarding our expert in-home eldercare services that help the older adult in your life manage or recover from illness or injury. It’s the most effective method to get them back to living their lives on their own terms.

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